Mineral waters contain at their source over 1 gram per liter of solid matter, biologically active microelements, free and soluble gases and have appropriate physical properties: temperature – thermal and thermal mineral waters, radioactivity, and therefore can be used for therapeutic purposes.
Vrnjačka Banja has 7 known mineral water springs:
- Hot mineral spring (so-called Topla voda), located in the central spa core,
- Snežnik-located in the Vrnjačka River zone,
- Slatina in the Lipovačka River zone, Jezero, spring which is located in the spa park halfway Snežnik-Slatina road,
- Beli Izvor – near the confluence of Lipovački Stream and Lipovačka River,
- Borjak – 700 m from Snežnik upstream the Vrnjačka riverbed,
- Vrnjačko Vrelo located halfway the Kraljevo-Kruševac main road.
Of the mentioned springs, four are used for balneotherapy: Topla voda, Snežnik, Slatina and Jezero, while at two mineral water is bottled (Vrnjci water from Topla voda and Vrnjačko Vrelo).
Od već pomenutih izvora za balneološku terapiju se koriste četiri: „Topla voda„, „Snežnik”, „Slatina” i „Jezero” dok se dve flaširaju kao stone mineralne vode (Voda Vrnjci i Vrnjačko Vrelo).
Mineral springs „Topla voda”
Topla voda is the oldest and most famous mineral water spring, which, according to accidental archaeological findings, was known in prehistory, and then used in the Roman period from I to IV century AD. According to a legend, the Turks also used these waters, and with their departure from these areas, the healing springs were buried, because people were fed up with the Turkish oppression. The discovery of mineral water in recent times is related to the healing of the sick horse of parish priest of Vrnjačka, Hadži Jeftimije Popović.
Baron Herder did the first chemical analysis in 1835, and with the establishment of the “Foundation Society of Sour and Hot Water in Vrnjci,” new capture began. In 1883, Kursalon was erected, and in 1892, the first built bath. After the 1924 capture, the pavilion with a central spring and the Thermal Mineral Bath was built. Deep drilling was started in 1932-37 to obtain new water quantities. The new pavilion was erected in 1975. Water belongs to the group of alkaline carbonic acid homeotherms. Its temperature is 36.5 °C.
Mineral spring „Snežnik”
Snežnik – Although the springs of “Snežnik” were already known in the late 19th century, they were not used until 1916, when the spring was cleaned after the Austro-Hungarian officers showed interest in it, and a pipe was set up.
With the end of World War I, this water also began to be used for healing. Grateful for the healing, teacher Darinka Cavdarovic Telebakovic arranged the spring and built a fountain in 1920. Increased needs for the water have led to a recapture soon. Pavilions with wooden canopies were erected above the springs. The fountains were below the surrounding terrain level, so people went down to the spring or the girls in charge distributed the water. In 1978/80, for the needs of the new pavilion, a recapture was done and old pavilions were replaced with a new. Water belongs to alkaline- alkaline earth carbonic acid acrotopegs. Its temperature is 17 °C.
Mineral spring „Slatina”
Slatina – The “Slatina” water has been known since the end of the 19th century, but it wasn’t captured until 1923 when a pipe was set up. In 1937, it was recaptured and a pavilion was built over the fountain, which received water from a spring called “Lula,” while another spring called “Zid” was located in the pavilion wall.
From as far back as 1937 to 1978, there were no exploration works at the “Slatina” mineral water spring. That year, exploratory boreholes were installed, and in 1984, the newly discovered waters were piped to the old well, where they mixed and flown to three fountains in the newly built pavilion. Water belongs to alkaline-alkaline earth acrotopegs. Its temperature is 14 °C.
Mineral spring „Jezero”
Jezero – On the left side of the Vrnjačka River, in the valley between “Snežnik” and “Slatina”, next to a small lake, thermomineral water “Jezero” was discovered in 1978. A fountain was set up at the spring, and the works continued in 1985, when a new well was built ten meters from the first one.
Water was used for a while at the fountain in a wooden glazed pavilion, and then in 1989, a new modern pavilion was built on the pool itself, next to the lake. Water belongs to alkaline-alkaline earth carbonic acid hypotherms. Its temperature is 27 °C.